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Lipid-based Vectors

The field of messenger RNA (mRNA)-based therapeutics spans from protein replacement therapy and gene editing to vaccination. However, the multifarious obstacles associated with mRNA's extremely large size, charge, intrinsic instability, and high susceptibility to enzymatic degradation hamper the translation of mRNA-based therapeutics from bench to bedside. Therefore, the wider application of mRNA-based therapeutics is still limited by the need for improved drug delivery systems.

Creative Biolabs has established a cutting-edge platform by integrating state-of-the-art technologies as well as substantial experience and expertise in the design and development of Custom Delivery Vehicle Vectors for mRNA. With proven experience in the research of lipid-based vectors for mRNA delivery, Creative Biolabs is an ideal company to be entrusted with your business.

Lipid-based Vectors for mRNA Delivery

  • Lipoplex (LP)

    Lipid-based vectors are among the most widely used non-viral nucleic acids carriers. The main component of lipidic systems is cationic lipids, which usually form lipoplexes by interacting with mRNA through electrostatic interactions. Lipoplexes enter the cell mainly via clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME), or fusion with the cell membrane when in comparison polyplexes, via caveolae-mediated endocytosis (CvME). Their task is to protect mRNA against enzymatic hydrolysis.

  • Lipid nanoparticle (LNP)

    LNPs are a highly customizable nucleic acid delivery vector that has shown immense potential in mRNA vaccines. They are a multi-component system made up of four lipid components: ionizable or cationic lipids, phospholipids, polyethylene glycol lipids, and cholesterol. Its production relies on the ability of self-assembly, that is, the spontaneous organization of lipid components into nanostructured entities based on intermolecular interactions. In addition to mRNA vaccinations, LNPs are commonly employed in gene editing and rare illness gene therapy. They can also conjugate specific compounds for in vivo tissue-specific delivery.

  • Cationic nanoemulsion (CNE)

    CNE consists of a dispersion of an oil phase stabilized by an aqueous phase containing the cationic lipid. These nanoemulsions present a droplet size distribution of about 200 nm, and are mainly used to formulate mRNA vaccines. For example, a self-amplifying RNA (SAM) vaccine, expressing Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) type 1 envelope, formulated in a CNE induced potent immune responses in rhesus macaques. Moreover, another well-tolerated and immunogenic SAM vaccine based on CNEs elicited immune responses in a variety of animal models (including mice, rats, rabbits, and nonhuman primates) at low doses.

  • Schemes of lipid-based formulations, including LP, lipopolyplex (LPR), LNP and CNE.Fig.1 Schemes of lipid-based formulations, including LP, lipopolyplex (LPR), LNP and CNE. (Midoux, 2015)

  • Lipid-like delivery molecules

    Lipidoids, which comprise multiple hydrophilic groups and several lipid tails, were developed in 2008 as novel siRNA delivery agents. Based on the encouraging results of siRNA delivery agents, zwitterionic amino lipids (ZALs), a new class of lipid-like materials, have been used for mRNA gene editing. Studies have shown that co-delivery of Cas9 mRNA and targeted sgRNA in a single ZAL nanoparticle enabled CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing in mice.

  • Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs)

    NLCs are another type of LNPs used to deliver mRNA for vaccination. NLCs are colloidal structures comprised of a core containing a mixture of solid and liquid lipids, resulting in an unstructured lipid matrix. A featured advantage of NLCs is the low toxicity respect to other lipid systems, such as emulsions, which require high quantities of surfactants and cosurfactants. Additionally, production and sterilization of NLCs are easy and cheap compared to other systems. A recent study has shown that administration of replicating viral mRNA encoding Zika virus antigens formulated in NLCs successfully protected mice against Zika virus infection.


Continued advancement in mRNA formulation and delivery using different nanomaterials can broaden the use of mRNA for the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases and cancers. Equipped with world-leading technology platforms and professional scientific staff in the field of mRNA delivery, Creative Biolabs offers high-quality custom LP/LNP services to meet our clients' demands precisely.


  • Physically stable, highly efficient and easily upscalable lipid-based vectors
  • High flexibility and cost-effectiveness
  • Tailored research & services
  • Fast turnover time

Creative Biolabs is glad to apply our expertise to help our worldwide customers in the development of lipid-based vectors. We are confident that our technology will meet customers' needs from early research to commercial production. Please contact us for more information and a detailed quote.


  1. Gómez-Aguado, I.; et al. Nanomedicines to deliver mRNA: state of the art and future perspectives. Nanomaterials. 2020, 10(2):364.
  2. Midoux, P.; Pichon, C. Lipid-based mRNA vaccine delivery systems. Expert review of vaccines. 2015, 14(2):221-34.
All products and services are For Research Use Only and CANNOT be used in the treatment or diagnosis of disease.